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Journal number 3 ∘ Joseph ArchvadzeRevaz Gogokia Elguja Mekvabishvili
An Important Work of National Economy on the Most Vulnerable Sector

The monograph of the renowned experts in agrarian science - Mr. Revaz Asatiani and Paata Koguashvili - is dedicated to the most crucial field for the national economy and national security: the situation in agriculture, the problems, potential ways to overcome them, and development prospects.
The authors not only realize that Georgia's state strategy should involve a sharp increase in agricultural production, an improvement in labor productivity in the agrarian sector, a drastic enhancement in the foreign trade balance, thereby overcoming the existing stigma of Georgia's agriculture as "the weakest link of the national economy". They also present their systematic and comprehensive visions of how, with what resources, and in what manner it is possible to overcome the aforementioned stigma and turn the agrarian sector into a robust pillar of Georgia's economy.
The authors of the monograph pay special attention to the development of the agrarian sector in one of its most critical aspects - strengthening the security of the country - by increasing food security and the production of agricultural products, considering it a crucial component of national security.
B-Bi R. Asatian and P. Koguashvili believe that achieving the set goals will occur in two stages: the first stage (2023-2026) involves the primary means and factors of production in the

  15 Revaz Asatiani, Paata Koghuashvili - "Georgian Agriculture - Challenges and Perspectives". Editors: Prof. Ioseb Archvadze, Acad. Napoleon Karkashadze, “Polygraph” publishing house,154 pp., 2023.


field, such as land inventory and production rehabilitation and development based on them; in the second stage (2027-2030), innovative technologies need to be implemented, transforming agriculture into a high-tech sector and ensuring predominantly intensive development.
The problems faced by the agrarian sector in the monograph are presented in a comprehensive manner, figuratively speaking, "in three dimensions," illustrating the roles and functions of the entities and institutions involved in this process. It is noteworthy that they discuss the issue not only from an economic perspective but also from a philosophical aspect (one of the paper's paragraphs is titled "The role of land in Georgian consciousness"). The authors also address the relationship between land and the state, the rational use of land resources, and the challenges brought about by the modern era in their country.
The extensive statistical material helps the authors of the monograph demonstrate the landscape of land use, the problems of land cultivation, and the overall situation of spatial planning in the territories. Of particular importance is the authors' view on the role of the state in economic, organizational, and institutional aspects of land use. The authors emphasize that the issue of land and its resolution must be organically derived from the national interests and public expediency of their own country. Additionally, they draw insights from the land use experiences of Germany, Switzerland, and Austria to strengthen their position.
Gentlemen R. Asatian and P. Koguashvili underscore the high correlation between effective land use and the foundation of a robust agrarian sector and its implications for the entire country. They argue that achieving this requires inclusive entrepreneurial development and taking into account modern international experiences. The paper contains numerous recommendations for fostering an appropriate model of cooperation and for the establishment and development of social and industrial infrastructure, including the adaptation of effective foreign models based on cooperation with Georgian reality, preference for community cooperatives, utilization of pastures for rural areas, return to the permanent use of pastures, water, and forest funds, as well as shared agricultural or communal infrastructure, etc.
According to the authors, the main direction for the development of agriculture and the entire agrarian sector is the modernization of this field to meet modern needs. Accelerated development and increased incentives for activities and investments require state-sponsored measures such as: A) State Support Programs; B) Specialized agroscredit systems and access to affordable credit for farms; C) Agroinsurance; D) Affordable fuel; E) Innovative technologies.
To achieve this, the authors propose a mega-project of action to be undertaken before 2030, with the participation of the "Specialized/Agrarian Investment Fund" and State and International Financial Institutions. The project aims to direct the country's banking and financial institutions toward the high-tech sector of the agri-food sector for transformation. The proposal also includes introducing preferential regimes for Georgian-foreign companies operating in this field, focusing on specialized agro-innovative, agritourism, agro-training, and creating agro-industrial and other zones, taking into account the regional diversity of the country.
This monograph is not a typical scientific publication. It serves as a comprehensive program of action prepared and proposed by the government at the highest academic level. The government's attention and recommendations for rural development should be taken into account, including granting legal status to the village and restoring the village governing body. This grants the village the status of a legal entity and the right to own property and utilize land permanently, while also obliging the village to maintain soil fertility and improve environmental conditions.
Given its complex nature, theoretical conclusions, and practical recommendations, this monograph should become a valuable resource not only for representatives of the academic field but also for those engaged in the development and implementation of agrarian policy in the country. Moreover, it is recommended for use in higher education institutions with an economic profile when teaching various topics.